Androgens are responsible for the growth spurt of adolescence and for the eventual termination of linear growth, which is brought about by fusion of the epiphyseal growth centers. In children, exogenous androgens accelerate linear growth rates but may cause a disproportionate advancement in bone maturation. Use over long periods may result in fusion of the epiphyseal growth centers and termination of growth process. Androgens have been reported to stimulate the production of red blood cells by enhancing the production of erythropoeitic stimulating factor. During exogenous administration of androgens,Â endogenous testosterone Â release is inhibited through feedback inhibition of pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH).
Five athletes tested positive for the stimulant bromantan and were disqualified by the IOC, but later reinstated after an appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport: swimmers Andrey Korneyev and Nina Zhivanevskaya , Greco-Roman wrestler Zafar Guliyev and sprinter Marina Trandenkova , all from Russia, and the Lithuanian track cyclist Rita Razmaitė . Dr. Vitaly Slionssarenko, physician to the Lithuanian cycling team and team coach Boris Vasilyev were expelled from the games.    The CAS overturned the IOC decision, because bromantan had only recently been added to the prohibited list,  and the athletes and officials were reprimanded.    The Russians had argued that bromantans wasn't a stimulant and thus not banned.